21 Feb 2017   /   0 comments

Common Terms and Conditions of a Loan

Paul

We have all likely heard common terms and conditions of a loan like interest rates, payment methods, and the payment period. But do we actually know what each of these common terms and conditions of a loan mean? If you are considering applying for a loan, you should read this article carefully to prepare yourself for your loan and any possible problems which may arise.

Firstly, it should be noted that there is no real big difference between loans offered by the bank and those offered by other types of financial institutions. All the terms and conditions which are laid out in the contract that you sign before receiving a personal loan from a bank will also be included in a car title loan contract. Everything you need to know about the loan can be found in the contract for said loan.

Ensure that before you sign the contract, you have obtained a copy and reviewed it very carefully. Go over each and every one of the sections with attention to detail and, if you have doubts, consult the lender or, even better, a financial expert. The wording used in the clauses can be somewhat complicated to understand at times, but with a little research you will become familiar with them. It is best if you put all this effort in before signing as it may be too late then to go back on your decision.

There are many people who would be interested to know what the most common terms and conditions of a loan contract are and learn the extent of their responsibility in the contractual agreement. Here is a summary of some of the most common terminology:

Payment Period

The phrase “payment period” refers to the deadline that the beneficiary of the loan has to settle the entire debt plus interest to the bank or financial institution. For some lower-cost loans, the usual period is between twelve and thirty-six months. The clauses of the contract must specify the conditions for prepayment and amortization, ie what happens if someone decides to repay all of the money ahead of time. In some cases, you can do so freely without needing to pay extra interest for fees while in others you may be obliged to pay off both the amount outstanding so far and the interest that would have accrued if you had not paid off in advance. You should also pay close attention to what happens if you miss a payment or make it late. The most common consequence requires that you pay extra interest plus a surcharge for collection procedures.

Payment Method

In this section, it will be necessary to distinguish two different types of loans. Loans from a bank usually require the beneficiary to be a client of the bank and have a checking or savings account with them. Thus, the monthly payments would be processed through those bank accounts. In the case of other financial institutions, which specialize in lending to borrowers with a sub-prime credit score, offer a range of methods for repayment including checks, transfers, and credit card.

Interest Rates

Interest rates describe the extra amount that the bank or lender will charge in addition to the loan amount. This extra percentage is key to figuring out how much it will cost you overall to borrow the money. The monthly payments will be composed of both the total debt and the interest.

Purpose of the Loan

Some banks and financial institutions choose to specify what the loan can be used for and write that in the contract of the loan to make sure that specification is carried out. This would be the case for auto loans, mortgages, or student loans.

Keep in mind that these are only three of the most common terms and conditions of a loan. There are many more in your actual loan contract and it is important to read each one of them very carefully. Remember at all times that when you are signing the loan contract, you are assuming a list of responsibilities that you need to keep until the end of your loan and not complying with them or fulfilling them can lead to serious legal and financial consequences.

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